Electronics and information systems play an ever-increasing role in the worldwide economy, representing nearly 10% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP). They have penetrated and transformed all aspects of life including transportation, communications, health, government services, banking systems, entertainment and education and have created millions of jobs in industry and services. They have also been the motor of productivity growth. Micro- and nanoelectronics are the key enabling technologies for electronics and Information & Communications Technology (ICT).
Leadership in new markets is strongly related to leadership and know-how in micro- and nanoelectronics. This requires a high level of R&D&I and also major investments in infrastructure. Increasing costs make it impossible for most companies to maintain technology leadership on a stand-alone basis: co-operation is more and more cross-border and not limited to R&D&I.
Over the past decade, the European semiconductor industry has been able to reinforce its position through very high R&D&I efforts at all levels of the value chain. These efforts have been supported by public authorities both at the National and European level. As far as cross-border co-operation is concerned, the EUREKA Cluster CATRENE in parallel with other programmes like the ECSEL Joint Undertaking were particularly effective in developing links between European companies and public research institutes.
The role of electronics and information systems will continue to increase as European society is faced with structural problems such as ageing of the population, exploding healthcare cost, transportation bottlenecks, rising energy costs and the need to increase productivity to be competitive on a worldwide basis. European citizens are expecting better health systems, safer cars, improved energy management, improved telecommunications and information access, better entertainment and security everywhere.
These societal challenges are also major opportunities for European industry. The challenge is to be the first to address the new lead markets, to impose de facto standards and to become worldwide market leaders in a number of these domains.
Public support for R&D&I must be increased to follow the increasing costs and also to catch up with competitors. In particular, for the sake of efficiency in use of public money and because of Europe as one of the leading markets, cross-border programmes will become structurally more and more important.
The CATRENE programme aimed to reflect all of the above. It embraced all key actors in the value chain including applications, technology, materials and equipment suppliers as well as involving both large companies and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) around a number of market opportunities and societal challenges.
With the objective to strengthen European Competitiveness, CATRENE interacted with other programmes in the nanoelectronics field national, EU framework and Joint Technology Initiatives (JTI) and with other EUREKA clusters.
CATRENE started on 1 January 2008, for eight years and launched its last call for project proposals at the end of 2015.